Asthma is a lung disease causing blockage or narrowing of airways making it difficult to breathe. Asthma symptoms can be triggered by an allergic reaction or a non-allergic reaction causing inflammation, coughing, wheezing, rapid breathing and tightness in the chest.
Allergic asthma is the most common and can be triggered by inhaling allergens such as pollens, mold, dust mites, pet dander, and other common household allergens
Non-allergic asthma is less common and can be triggered by anxiety, stress, exercise, cold air, dry air, hyperventilation, and smoke.
An "asthma management plan" will help prevent symptoms and allow students to attend school regularly, participate fully in exercise and sports, and decrease hospital or emergency visits.
Read the position statement of the National Association of School Nurses and others who support improving asthma management in the school setting.
School Board Policy
The school board policy 5.324 " Students With Life-Threatening Health Conditions" reviews procedures to safeguard students and limit the impact of these conditions on school participation.
Allergies are diseases of the immune system causing a systemic bodily overreaction to specific substances identified as an "allergen" that do not cause reactions in most people. These "allergens" can trigger sneezing, wheezing, coughing, itching, as well as more serious reactions such as asthma and anaphylaxis.
Common allergic diseases are: Allergic rhinitis, allergic asthma, food allergy, drug allergy, latex allergy, insect sting/bite allergy, hives, skin allergies, eye allergy
Read the position statement of the National Association of School Nurses on the school nurse's role in the management of allergy or anaphylaxis in the school setting.
Students miss school days each year because of allergy symptoms. Teachers should monitor the classroom for plants, pets or other items that may carry allergens. Encourage their students to wash their hands after recess or outside activities and help students with allergies to manage their symptoms during the school day.